Southern Cone Region

From the Amazon to Patagonia, the Southern Cone region, with its geographical extent and diversity produces tropical and warm weather crops, offering a great variety of products for Fair Trade.

The Southern Cone Region in CLAC is composed of five countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay.

There is a total of 80 small producers organizations and 21 plantations that have a total of 33.780 producers and 2.203 workers.

Main products:

  • Argentina: wine, fruit and honey.
  • Brazil: coffee, orange juice, honey and fruits.
  • Chile: wine, fruit, nuts and honey.
  • Paraguay: sugar.
  • Uruguay: honey.

Interesting facts of the Southern Cone region

The region has production systems of full-scale and small household productions that coexist in the same production and market area. In this way, the region is home to the main producers of grain and at the same time thousands of families of small producers that support food production of the local population.

This great diversity favors technology development and market access, where small producers and Fairtrade certificate companies have shown highly competitive due to the implementation of advanced technology, efficient administration systems and great capacity of working in an organized manner.

The region has three Country Networks: Chilean Fair Trade Network, Paraguayan Fair Trade Network and the Brazilian Fairtrade Network – BRFAIR. The region’s producers also take part in Product Networks such as coffee, honey, sugar and juices, as well as Workers Network.

Special characteristics of the Southern Cone region

Brazil is the historic leader of the global production of coffee, standing out in the last couple of years, for its great investment in technology to provide a high-quality product, thereby entering the special coffees market offering quality of drink, consistency and volume. Within the Fairtrade certification in Brazil, coffee is also the main product in terms of volume, sales value and number of families linked to its production.

Next in importance at a national level is the orange juice, being the main producer within fair trade. Another important area for Brazil is tropical fruit production where papaya, mango and lemon stand out, produced by companies committed to fair trade and worker’s well-being.

Chile and Argentina are without a doubt the main producers of wine in Latin America and this is also reflected in fair trade, where they lead high quality wine production, dominating a grape variety such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Blanc, Carmenere, Merlot and Chardonnay, in diverse, organic and conventional production systems and of large scale and small producers. Honey and warm weather fruits are in the second position of importance in both countries.

Paraguay stands out as the main producer of organic and Fairtrade sugar in Latin America; while Uruguay stands out for its organic honey production that allows them to offer a high-quality product, produced under management practices that favor environmental conservation, especially in threaten and with great fragility ecosystems by the progress of conventional agriculture.

The importance of Apiculture in Fair Trade 

Do you know CLAC’s Honey Network?

Do not hesitate to contact CLAC’s staff in the Southern Cone region to help you solve any questions regarding our work, organizations, certificates or products of Fair Trade.