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Current context of Climate Change
The manifestations of climate can be seen in every region. Thanks to the increased pace and the significant scale of weather change that are modifying natural dynamics and having a negative impact in natural ecosystems and society as a whole.
The damages and losses caused by weather changes and climate variability are significant, especially in countries and human populations that have high socio-economic and environmental vulnerability, as this aggravates climate impact. Such is the case of most low and middle-income countries and referred as developing countries at the heart of the United Nations Organization (UN).
The small producers of fair trade organizations are faced before the necessity of being prepared to prevent and reduce negative climate impact in their territories, communities, families, farms, crops, livelihoods and ecosystems. For this purpose, they have to improve their knowledge about climate change and, above all, identify and adopt better strategies, systems, technologies and productive practices to facilitate adaptation to the effects of climate change and secure viability of their products, farms and communities.
Said processes must include actions with political impact, to incorporate their needs and proposals in the processes that governments are currently developing to meet their international commitments. This is the case of national strategies and plans towards climate change, national adaptation plans and other climate change policies implementation tools.
The manifestations and negative impacts of climate change have been
identified, quantified and projected for the future and have been widely disseminated through organisms, research centers and governments of all the countries members of the UN. The latter, through their National Communications in compliance with the international commitments of the States. The agricultural sector has been identified as one of the most vulnerable to changes in climate, because these affect and impact natural dynamics, ecosystems, animal and plant species, river systems, soil fertility and water availability, among others.
Furthermore, rural and indigenous communities, whose survival and quality of life are closely linked to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and forests functions, have been classified as highly vulnerable in terms of access, use, usufruct and tenure of land and territories and because of the precarious nature of their quality of life and disregard for their fundamental rights.