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Current context of Climate Change

The manifestations of climate can be seen in every region. Thanks to the increased pace and the significant scale of weather change that are modifying natural dynamics and having a negative impact in natural ecosystems and society as a whole.

The damages and losses caused by weather changes and climate variability are significant, especially in countries and human populations that have high socio-economic and environmental vulnerability, as this aggravates climate impact. Such is the case of most low and middle-income countries and referred as developing countries at the heart of the United Nations Organization (UN).

The small producers of fair trade organizations are faced before the necessity of being prepared to prevent and reduce negative climate impact in their territories, communities, families, farms, crops, livelihoods and ecosystems. For this purpose, they have to improve their knowledge about climate change and, above all, identify and adopt better strategies, systems, technologies and productive practices to facilitate adaptation to the effects of climate change and secure viability of their products, farms and communities.

Said processes must include actions with political impact, to incorporate their needs and proposals in the processes that governments are currently developing to meet their international commitments. This is the case of national strategies and plans towards climate change, national adaptation plans and other climate change policies implementation tools.

The manifestations and negative impacts of climate change have been

identified, quantified and projected for the future and have been widely disseminated through organisms, research centers and governments of all the countries members of the UN. The latter, through their National Communications in compliance with the international commitments of the States. The agricultural sector has been identified as one of the most vulnerable to changes in climate, because these affect and impact natural dynamics, ecosystems, animal and plant species, river systems, soil fertility and water availability, among others.

Furthermore, rural and indigenous communities, whose survival and quality of life are closely linked to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and forests functions, have been classified as highly vulnerable in terms of access, use, usufruct and tenure of land and territories and because of the precarious nature of their quality of life and disregard for their fundamental rights.

Strategy towards Climate Change

The definition, adoption and implementation of an Strategy towards Climate Change on the small producers for fair trade organizations part is an urgent and unavoidable need; given that the manifestations and negative impacts can be observed and are becoming more predominant. In addition, future projections indicate that said impacts will increase, causing greater damage and loss in crops, products, farms, communities, ecosystems and territories that small producers inhabit.

The focal point of adaptation measures is on the most vulnerable populations, on the most degraded environments and ecosystems and more likely to continue these processes, in infrastructure and productive sectors of the country, in water resource management and in the articulation of planning instruments. The guidelines are the following:

  • Strengthen research management and transfer of knowledge.
  • Strengthen risk management.
  • Improve use of territory as a strategy to reduce vulnerability.
  • Improve adaptation capacity of the most vulnerable communities.
  • Design and implement an institutional arrangement appropriate for adaptation.
  • Value and protect the productive base from biodiversity goods and services.
  • Strengthen cooperation and resources management for adaptation.

Actions and advocacy

National climate change strategies and plans should be aimed to the awareness of climate change adaptation, through the reduction of climate vulnerability; and at the same time, include actions of political advocacy to put pressure at an international level to developed countries so that they assume, altogether for 2020, an ambitious quantified global goal of emission and aggregate reduction, in light of the above for a better scientific knowledge available.

In order to strengthen adaptation in the field, developing countries should take the following actions:

  • Plan, prioritize and implement adaptation actions, which include projects, programs and identified actions in national and subnational adaptation strategies and plans; national communications, assessment of technological needs and other relevant national planning documents;
  • Assess impacts, vulnerability and adaptation, which include assessments of financial needs and economic, social, environmental assessments of adaptation options;
  • Strengthen institutional capacities and enable national environments for adaptation, which include climate-resilient development and vulnerability reduction;
  • Improve resilience of socio-economic and ecological systems, through economic diversification and sustainable management of natural resources;
  • Strengthen disaster risk reduction strategies due to climate change, considering Hyogo15 Framework for Action, early warning systems, risk management and assessment and exchange and transfer risk mechanisms according to national circumstances, such as: insurance at a local, national and regional level;
  • Take measures to strengthen comprehension, coordination and cooperation in relation to displacements, migrations and relocation of human populations at a national, regional and international level;
  • Promote research, development, demonstration, diffusion, deployment and technology, practices and processes transfer, and capacity development for adaptation, to provide access to technologies, especially in developing countries;
  • Strengthen data, information and knowledge systems, as well as society education and awareness;
  • Improve climate research and systematic observation for data collection, registration, analysis and modelling, to provide the decision-making national and subnational level with data and climate information.

Do not hesitate to contact CLAC to help you solve any questions regarding our work and the beneficial impact that Fair Trade has in our organizations, networks, territory and society.

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